INDIGENOUS SLAVERY IN AFRICA’S HISTORY: CONDITIONS AND CONSEQUENCES
Much has been written on the African slave trades, but comparatively little on Africa’s indigenous systems of slavery. In this paper we conduct an econometric analysis of the impact of African indigenous slavery on its long-term economic development. Based on data collected from anthropological records, we find that indigenous slavery is robustly and negatively associated with current income levels. We also speculate on the channels of transmission. There is evidence that indigenous slavery impeded the development of accountable and capable states in Africa.